An American Cottage

THE Log House is peculiar to America; and it may take a classical form with propriety and the closest attention to economy. The oblong encloses a smaller area, with the same quantity of material than the square; but the labour of construction the former is less. In length the plan may be extended infinitely, and a loft for dormitories may receive light from the open pediments in front and rear. A deep porch would be useful as a shelter, and in the mild season would be used instead of a sitting room.

Construction.— This house might be easily constucted in a woodland region, with a saw-mill near, and would consist of cedar or hemlock boles, and axe hewn timber. The foundation should be of stone; the under side below the action of frost, and the principle floor more or less raised above the ground. The steps in plan of porch, lead to a cellar, and may be covered with a trap-door. The floor of the porch might be paved, flagged, or gravelled; the rooms plastered on the sides, and finished with the timber of the floor above in view.

Estimate.— The cost would depend upon situation, price of timber, and the kind of labour employed; say from $500 to $800.

American Cottage Floor Plan

Alexander Jackson Davis, Rural Residences, Etc., New York, 1837; Web Edition Copyright © 2002 Sarah E. Mitchell